C c


    • US Pronunciation
    • US IPA
    • UK Pronunciation
    • UK IPA
    • [sur-kuh m-stans or, esp. British, -stuh ns]
    • /ˈsɜr kəmˌstæns or, esp. British, -stəns/
    • /ˈsɜːkəmstəns/
    • US Pronunciation
    • US IPA
    • [sur-kuh m-stans or, esp. British, -stuh ns]
    • /ˈsɜr kəmˌstæns or, esp. British, -stəns/

Definitions of circumstance word

  • countable noun circumstance The circumstances of a particular situation are the conditions which affect what happens. 3
  • noun plural circumstance The circumstances of an event are the way it happened or the causes of it. 3
  • noun plural circumstance Your circumstances are the conditions of your life, especially the amount of money that you have. 3
  • uncountable noun circumstance Events and situations which cannot be controlled are sometimes referred to as circumstance. 3
  • noun circumstance a condition of time, place, etc, that accompanies or influences an event or condition 3
  • noun circumstance an incident or occurrence, esp a chance one 3

Information block about the term

Origin of circumstance

First appearance:

before 1175
One of the 8% oldest English words
1175-1225; Middle English < Latin circumstantia (circumstant-, stem of circumstāns, present participle of circumstāre to stand round), equivalent to circum- circum- + stā- stand + -nt present participle suffix + -ia noun suffix; see -ance

Historical Comparancy

Parts of speech for Circumstance


circumstance popularity

A common word. It’s meaning is known to most children of preschool age. About 91% of English native speakers know the meaning and use the word.
Most Europeans know this English word. The frequency of it’s usage is somewhere between "mom" and "screwdriver".

circumstance usage trend in Literature

This diagram is provided by Google Ngram Viewer

Synonyms for circumstance

noun circumstance

  • case — A particular case is a particular situation or incident, especially one that you are using as an individual example or instance of something.
  • status — the position of an individual in relation to another or others, especially in regard to social or professional standing.
  • accident — An accident happens when a vehicle hits a person, an object, or another vehicle, causing injury or damage.
  • occurrence — the action, fact, or instance of occurring.
  • fate — something that unavoidably befalls a person; fortune; lot: It is always his fate to be left behind.

verb circumstance

  • predestine — to destine in advance; foreordain; predetermine: He seemed predestined for the ministry.
  • inescapable — incapable of being escaped, ignored, or avoided; ineluctable: inescapable responsibilities.
  • cupping — the process of applying a cupping glass to the skin
  • moirai — Classical Mythology. the personification of fate. Moirai, the Fates.
  • predestinate — Theology. to foreordain by divine decree or purpose.

Antonyms for circumstance

noun circumstance

  • whole — comprising the full quantity, amount, extent, number, etc., without diminution or exception; entire, full, or total: He ate the whole pie. They ran the whole distance.
  • plan — a scheme or method of acting, doing, proceeding, making, etc., developed in advance: battle plans.

Top questions with circumstance

  • what does circumstance mean?
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See also

Matching words

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