C c


    • US Pronunciation
    • US IPA
    • UK Pronunciation
    • UK IPA
    • [sur-kuh m-stans or, esp. British, -stuh ns]
    • /ˈsɜr kəmˌstæns or, esp. British, -stəns/
    • /ˈsɜː.kəm.stɑːns/
    • US Pronunciation
    • US IPA
    • [sur-kuh m-stans or, esp. British, -stuh ns]
    • /ˈsɜr kəmˌstæns or, esp. British, -stəns/

Definitions of circumstances word

  • noun plural circumstances someone's financial situation 3
  • noun circumstances a condition, detail, part, or attribute, with respect to time, place, manner,agent, etc., that accompanies, determines, or modifies a fact or event; a modifying or influencing factor: Do not judge his behavior without considering every circumstance. 1
  • noun circumstances Usually, circumstances. the existing conditions or state of affairs surrounding and affecting an agent: Circumstances permitting, we sail on Monday. 1
  • noun circumstances an unessential or secondary accompaniment of any fact or event; minor detail: The author dwells on circumstances rather than essentials. 1
  • noun circumstances circumstances, the condition or state of a person with respect to income and material welfare: a family in reduced circumstances. 1
  • noun circumstances an incident or occurrence: His arrival was a fortunate circumstance. 1

Information block about the term

Origin of circumstances

First appearance:

before 1175
One of the 8% oldest English words
1175-1225; Middle English < Latin circumstantia (circumstant-, stem of circumstāns, present participle of circumstāre to stand round), equivalent to circum- circum- + stā- stand + -nt present participle suffix + -ia noun suffix; see -ance

Historical Comparancy

Parts of speech for Circumstances


circumstances popularity

A common word. It’s meaning is known to most children of preschool age. About 91% of English native speakers know the meaning and use the word.
Most Europeans know this English word. The frequency of it’s usage is somewhere between "mom" and "screwdriver".

circumstances usage trend in Literature

This diagram is provided by Google Ngram Viewer

Synonyms for circumstances

noun circumstances

  • outlook — the view or prospect from a particular place.
  • precedence — act or fact of preceding.
  • rank — Otto [awt-oh] /ˈɔt oʊ/ (Show IPA), 1884–1939, Austrian psychoanalyst.
  • sphere — Geometry. a solid geometric figure generated by the revolution of a semicircle about its diameter; a round body whose surface is at all points equidistant from the center. Equation: x 2 + y 2 + z 2 = r 2 . the surface of such a figure; a spherical surface.
  • standing — rank or status, especially with respect to social, economic, or personal position, reputation, etc.: He had little standing in the community.

Antonyms for circumstances

noun circumstances

  • poorness — having little or no money, goods, or other means of support: a poor family living on welfare.
  • poverty — the state or condition of having little or no money, goods, or means of support; condition of being poor. Synonyms: privation, neediness, destitution, indigence, pauperism, penury. Antonyms: riches, wealth, plenty.
  • debt — A debt is a sum of money that you owe someone.

Top questions with circumstances

  • what are mitigating circumstances?
  • under what circumstances?
  • under what circumstances can differentiation occur in a planet?
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  • under what circumstances may federal courts hear a case?
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  • what are circumstances?
  • what does circumstances mean?
  • what does extenuating circumstances mean?
  • under what circumstances is a left ventricular assist device used?
  • neuroplasticity is most evident in which of the following circumstances?
  • how do you spell circumstances?
  • under what circumstances according to emerson does mean egotism vanish?
  • what is mitigating circumstances?
  • what is meant by circumstances?

See also

Matching words

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