A a


    • US Pronunciation
    • US IPA
    • UK Pronunciation
    • UK IPA
    • [ab-stuh-nuh ns or ab-stuh-nuh n-see]
    • /ˈæb stə nəns or ˈæb stə nən si/
    • /ˈæb.stɪ.nəns/
    • US Pronunciation
    • US IPA
    • [ab-stuh-nuh ns or ab-stuh-nuh n-see]
    • /ˈæb stə nəns or ˈæb stə nən si/

Definitions of abstinent word

  • noun abstinent forbearance from any indulgence of appetite, especially from the use of alcoholic beverages: total abstinence. 1
  • noun abstinent any self-restraint, self-denial, or forbearance. 1
  • noun abstinent Economics. the conserving of current income in order to build up capital or savings. 1
  • noun abstinent the state of being without a drug, as alcohol or heroin, on which one is dependent. 1
  • noun abstinent Refraining from indulgence, especially from the indulgence of appetite; abstemious; continent; temperate. (First attested around 1350 to 1470.)0. 1
  • adjective abstinent restrained, not self-indulgent 1

Information block about the term

Origin of abstinent

First appearance:

before 1250
One of the 11% oldest English words
First recorded in 1250-1300; Middle English word from Latin word abstinentia. See abstain, -ence

Historical Comparancy

Parts of speech for Abstinent


abstinent popularity

A common word. It’s meaning is known to most children of preschool age. About 88% of English native speakers know the meaning and use the word.
This word is included in each student's vocabulary. Most likely there is at least one movie with this word in the title.

abstinent usage trend in Literature

This diagram is provided by Google Ngram Viewer

Synonyms for abstinent

adj abstinent

  • ascetic — An ascetic person has a way of life that is simple and strict, usually because of their religious beliefs.
  • austere — If you describe something as austere, you approve of its plain and simple appearance.
  • continent — A continent is a very large area of land, such as Africa or Asia, that consists of several countries.
  • frugal — economical in use or expenditure; prudently saving or sparing; not wasteful: What your office needs is a frugal manager who can save you money without resorting to painful cutbacks. Synonyms: thrifty, chary, provident, careful, prudent, penny-wise, scrimping; miserly, Scotch, penny-pinching. Antonyms: wasteful, extravagant, spendthrift, prodigal, profligate.
  • moderate — kept or keeping within reasonable or proper limits; not extreme, excessive, or intense: a moderate price.

noun abstinent

  • nondrinker — a person who abstains from alcoholic beverages.
  • prohibitionist — a person who favors or advocates prohibition.
  • teetotaler — a person who abstains totally from intoxicating drink.
  • abstainer — a person who abstains from something regarded as improper or unhealthy, especially the drinking of alcoholic beverages.

adjective abstinent

  • teetotal — of or relating to, advocating, or pledged to total abstinence from intoxicating drink.
  • chaste — If you describe a person or their behaviour as chaste, you mean that they do not have sex with anyone, or they only have sex with their husband or wife.
  • pure — free from anything of a different, inferior, or contaminating kind; free from extraneous matter: pure gold; pure water.
  • proper — adapted or appropriate to the purpose or circumstances; fit; suitable: the proper time to plant strawberries.

Antonyms for abstinent

adj abstinent

  • gluttonous — tending to eat and drink excessively; voracious.
  • greedy — excessively or inordinately desirous of wealth, profit, etc.; avaricious: the greedy owners of the company.
  • hungry — having a desire, craving, or need for food; feeling hunger.
  • impure — not pure; mixed with extraneous matter, especially of an inferior or contaminating nature: impure water and air.
  • incontinent — unable to restrain natural discharges or evacuations of urine or feces.

noun abstinent

adjective abstinent

  • indulgent — characterized by or showing indulgence; benignly lenient or permissive: an indulgent parent.
  • biassed — a particular tendency, trend, inclination, feeling, or opinion, especially one that is preconceived or unreasoned: illegal bias against older job applicants; the magazine’s bias toward art rather than photography; our strong bias in favor of the idea.

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See also

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