A a


    • US Pronunciation
    • US IPA
    • UK Pronunciation
    • UK IPA
    • [ab-stee-mee-uh s]
    • /æbˈsti mi əs/
    • /æbˈstiː.mi.əs/
    • US Pronunciation
    • US IPA
    • [ab-stee-mee-uh s]
    • /æbˈsti mi əs/

Definitions of abstemious word

  • adjective abstemious Someone who is abstemious avoids doing too much of something enjoyable such as eating or drinking. 3
  • adjective abstemious moderate or sparing, esp in the consumption of alcohol or food; temperate 3
  • adjective abstemious moderate, esp. in eating and drinking; temperate 3
  • adjective abstemious characterized by abstinence 3
  • adjective abstemious sparing or moderate in eating and drinking; temperate in diet. 1
  • adjective abstemious characterized by abstinence: an abstemious life. 1

Information block about the term

Origin of abstemious

First appearance:

before 1615
One of the 41% oldest English words
1615-25; < Latin abstēmius, equivalent to abs- abs- + tēm- (base of tēmētum intoxicating drink) + -ius -ious

Historical Comparancy

Parts of speech for Abstemious


abstemious popularity

A pretty common term. Usually people know it’s meaning, but prefer to use a more spread out synonym. About 65% of English native speakers know the meaning and use word.
This word is included in each student's vocabulary. Most likely there is at least one movie with this word in the title.

abstemious usage trend in Literature

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Synonyms for abstemious

adj abstemious

  • ascetic — An ascetic person has a way of life that is simple and strict, usually because of their religious beliefs.
  • austere — If you describe something as austere, you approve of its plain and simple appearance.
  • continent — A continent is a very large area of land, such as Africa or Asia, that consists of several countries.
  • frugal — economical in use or expenditure; prudently saving or sparing; not wasteful: What your office needs is a frugal manager who can save you money without resorting to painful cutbacks. Synonyms: thrifty, chary, provident, careful, prudent, penny-wise, scrimping; miserly, Scotch, penny-pinching. Antonyms: wasteful, extravagant, spendthrift, prodigal, profligate.
  • moderate — kept or keeping within reasonable or proper limits; not extreme, excessive, or intense: a moderate price.

adjective abstemious

  • self-discipline — discipline and training of oneself, usually for improvement: Acquiring the habit of promptness requires self-discipline.
  • teetotal — of or relating to, advocating, or pledged to total abstinence from intoxicating drink.
  • spartan — Also, Spartanic [spahr-tan-ik] /spɑrˈtæn ɪk/ (Show IPA). of or relating to Sparta or its people.
  • abstentious — an act or instance of abstaining.
  • ascetical — a person who dedicates his or her life to a pursuit of contemplative ideals and practices extreme self-denial or self-mortification for religious reasons.

noun abstemious

  • light — a light product, as a beer or cigarette.

Antonyms for abstemious

adj abstemious

  • gluttonous — tending to eat and drink excessively; voracious.
  • greedy — excessively or inordinately desirous of wealth, profit, etc.; avaricious: the greedy owners of the company.
  • hungry — having a desire, craving, or need for food; feeling hunger.

adjective abstemious

  • unrestrained — not restrained or controlled; uncontrolled or uncontrollable: the unrestrained birthrate in some countries.

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See also

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