A a


    • US Pronunciation
    • US IPA
    • UK Pronunciation
    • UK IPA
    • [ab-steyn]
    • /æbˈsteɪn/
    • /æbˈsteɪn/
    • US Pronunciation
    • US IPA
    • [ab-steyn]
    • /æbˈsteɪn/

Definitions of abstained word

  • verb without object abstained to hold oneself back voluntarily, especially from something regarded as improper or unhealthy (usually followed by from): to abstain from eating meat. 1
  • verb without object abstained to refrain from casting one's vote: a referendum in which two delegates abstained. 1
  • noun abstained Simple past tense and past participle of abstain. 1

Information block about the term

Origin of abstained

First appearance:

before 1350
One of the 20% oldest English words
1350-1400; Middle English abste(i)nen < Middle French abstenir ≪ Latin abstinēre, equivalent to abs- abs- + -tinēre, combining form of tenēre to hold, keep

Historical Comparancy

Parts of speech for Abstained


abstained popularity

A common word. It’s meaning is known to most children of preschool age. About 82% of English native speakers know the meaning and use the word.
This word is included in each student's vocabulary. Most likely there is at least one movie with this word in the title.

abstained usage trend in Literature

This diagram is provided by Google Ngram Viewer

Synonyms for abstained

verb abstained

  • desisted — to cease, as from some action or proceeding; stop.
  • refrained — to abstain from an impulse to say or do something (often followed by from): I refrained from telling him what I thought.
  • withdrew — simple past tense of withdraw.
  • withheld — to hold back; restrain or check.
  • curbed — Also, British, kerb. a rim, especially of joined stones or concrete, along a street or roadway, forming an edge for a sidewalk.

Antonyms for abstained

verb abstained

  • indulged — to yield to an inclination or desire; allow oneself to follow one's will (often followed by in): Dessert came, but I didn't indulge. They indulged in unbelievable shopping sprees.
  • continued — continuing; not having stopped
  • did — Did is the past tense of do1.
  • accepted — Accepted ideas are agreed by most people to be correct or reasonable.
  • allowed — to let have; give as one's share; grant as one's right: to allow a person $100 for expenses.

Top questions with abstained

  • what does abstained mean?

See also

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