A a


    • US Pronunciation
    • US IPA
    • UK Pronunciation
    • UK IPA
    • [uh-brey-siv, -ziv]
    • /əˈbreɪ sɪv, -zɪv/
    • /əˈbreɪ.sɪv/
    • US Pronunciation
    • US IPA
    • [uh-brey-siv, -ziv]
    • /əˈbreɪ sɪv, -zɪv/

Definitions of abrasive word

  • adjective abrasive Someone who has an abrasive manner is unkind and rude. 3
  • adjective abrasive An abrasive substance is rough and can be used to clean hard surfaces. 3
  • noun abrasive An abrasive is a substance that is rough and can be used to clean hard surfaces. 3
  • noun abrasive a substance or material such as sandpaper, pumice, or emery, used for cleaning, grinding, smoothing, or polishing 3
  • adjective abrasive causing abrasion; grating; rough 3
  • adjective abrasive irritating in manner or personality; causing tension or annoyance 3

Information block about the term

Origin of abrasive

First appearance:

before 1870
One of the 26% newest English words
1870-75; < Latin abrās(us) (see abrasion) + -ive

Historical Comparancy

Parts of speech for Abrasive


abrasive popularity

A common word. It’s meaning is known to most children of preschool age. About 95% of English native speakers know the meaning and use the word.
Most Europeans know this English word. The frequency of it’s usage is somewhere between "mom" and "screwdriver".

abrasive usage trend in Literature

This diagram is provided by Google Ngram Viewer

Synonyms for abrasive

adj abrasive

  • biting — Biting wind or cold is extremely cold.
  • nasty — physically filthy; disgustingly unclean: a nasty pigsty of a room.
  • annoying — Someone or something that is annoying makes you feel fairly angry and impatient.
  • caustic — Caustic chemical substances are very powerful and can dissolve other substances.
  • sharp — having a thin cutting edge or a fine point; well-adapted for cutting or piercing: a sharp knife.

noun abrasive

  • cleanser — A cleanser is a liquid or cream that you use for cleaning your skin.
  • soap powder — soap produced and packaged in powdered form.
  • abstergent — cleansing or scouring
  • scourer — a person who scours or ranges about.
  • fumigant — any volatile or volatilizable chemical compound used as a disinfectant or pesticide.

adjective abrasive

  • coarse — Coarse things have a rough texture because they consist of thick threads or large pieces.
  • harsh — ungentle and unpleasant in action or effect: harsh treatment; harsh manners.
  • rasping — harsh; grating: a rasping voice.
  • grainy — resembling grain; granular.
  • rude — discourteous or impolite, especially in a deliberate way: a rude reply.

Antonyms for abrasive

adj abrasive

  • kind — of a good or benevolent nature or disposition, as a person: a kind and loving person.
  • pleasing — giving pleasure; agreeable; gratifying: a pleasing performance.
  • pleasant — pleasing, agreeable, or enjoyable; giving pleasure: pleasant news.
  • soothing — that soothes: a soothing voice.
  • calm — A calm person does not show or feel any worry, anger, or excitement.

adjective abrasive

  • gentle — kindly; amiable: a gentle manner.

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See also

Matching words

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